Archeological Puzzles of History

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Archeologists are kind of odballs. They are willing to waste months in some God forsaken corners of the planet so they can dig into the ground.

We have to mention that among all the trash of the modern world, scientists sometimes find truly intriguing objects, but more often than not, such objects are the cause of more questions rather than answers.

The Paracas Candelabra

Without a doubt, there is not one person who hasn’t heard of or seen the Nazca lines – enormous paintings, located in the south part of Peru. But very few know that in the same desert, about 200 kilometers from the geoglyphs, there is one more mysterious object. Archeologists have argued a lot over its purpose.

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The Paracas Candelabra is very large – 128 meters in length and 74 meters wide, and the thickness of the lines reaches 4 meters. Even though it is located near the Nazca lines, specialists are sure that the geoglyphs have no relation to it.

Artifacts, discovered during excavations in the region of the candelabra, allow us to guess that the illustration is created around 200 BC, while according to some data, the Nazca lines have appeared 600-800 years later.

It is even more unclear for scientists when the Paracas Candelabra appeared and who created it. The goals of ancient artists remain a mystery until now. Some archeologists are certain that the object is a sanctuary of the God creator, Viracocha, who was worshipped by the local tribes. Others believe that the illustration served as a guide to ancient seafarers – the large candelabrum is carved on the slope of a hill, and thanks to that it can be seen clearly from a distance of 20 kilometers.

The Uffington White Horse

Stonehenge is not the only archeological landmark of good old England, even though it is the landmark first mentioned whenever someone speaks of the ancient objects of foggy Albion.

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Ancient rulers probably put a lot of effort into the making of the giant stylized horse figure, located near Uffington, in the region of the modern county of Oxfordshire. The drawing is made up of deep trenches filled with crushed limestone, and the image is 115 meters long.

Imagine what kind of effort it took for the creators of the Horse to make such a drawing, since they did not possess excavators, bulldozers, or other technical resources.

The drawing resembles illustrations of horses Bronze Age coins. Next to the geoglyph, archeologists have discovered tombs that most likely were constructed in the Neolithic Age.

The Zagreb Mummy

The linen book of Zagreb is known as one of the longest texts in Etruscan language from the textual monuments that have been preserved till modern day from that culture. Etruscan language has greatly influenced the formulation of the Latin language but today, unfortunately,  cognates of the Etruscan language don’t exist, and besides that, such a small amount of documents have reached us, that it is completely impossible for us to decipher the text.

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Scientists have been able to translate only a few segments. From what is known to us today, we can infer that the Linen book is a ritual calendar, describing details of the Etruscan religious traditions.

The book dates back to the 3rd century BC, and that’s why the fact that it even exists is incredible – inscriptions made upon fabric usually get destroyed a lot faster by the ruthless weather conditions.

The linen book of Zagreb was discovered on top a mummy in a tomb near Alexandria back in the 19th century, but scientists paid no attention to it for a long time, as they thought that the mysterious inscriptions on the fabric were made by the Egyptians.

The White Shaman Rock

For years, archeologists and historians have studied artifacts made by the people of North and South America, but to this day, the cultures of the pre-Columbian period, remains a mystery to scientists.

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The rock of the White shaman, located not far from the Pecos River in modern-day Texas, is considered as one of the most popular, and at the same time, most mysterious monuments of that epoch.

According to scientists, a large (around 7 meters in length) drawing appeared more than 4000 years ago and it belongs to an ancient culture, for which practically nothing is known up to date. Some archeologists believe that the art object illustrates a fight scene or another war ritual. However, there are opinions that the artist was depicting a moment of communication among ancients and ghosts through the use of mescaline – a psychoactive substance, contained in the Peyote cactus.

The Sayama Geoglyphs

The mountain illustrations, located on one of the slopes of the Sayama mountain (Bolivia), resemble by technique the creation of the Nazca geoglyphs and the Andean candelabrum – they are also carved in the hardened mountain surface, but the Bolivian drawings are a lot larger than the Peruvian ones – the drawings take up a territory of about 7 500 square meters and the length of some of the lines are 18 kilometers long.

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Even with such an immense size, the Sayama geoglyphs have not been studied thoroughly to this day – the actual scale of the work by ancient artists has become known only a while ago, when archeologists got an opportunity to use satellite photos of the region for their research.

The incredible accuracy of the drawings is spinning the heads of archeologists – it’s as if they were drawn using a ruler. The purpose of the illustrations also remains a mystery. According to some suggestions, the ancient inhabitants of Bolivia made astronomical calculations with their help.

The Terter Artifacts

Three clay tablets, discovered by scientists in the vicinity of the Romanian village of Terter, contain symbols that are believed to be the most ancient writing on the planet.

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At first, the scientists thought that the tablets of Terter dated back to the 3rdd century BC, but a more accurate radiocarbon dating proved that the artifacts are a lot older. Now, most archeologists are convinced that the tablets were created around 7 500 years ago, long before the Sumerian writing system, which was believed to be the oldest in the world.

It’s more likely that the findings of the Romanian archeologists actually belong to the Vinča culture, which was spread out on the territory of modern-day Southeast Europe in the Neolithic Age, since the symbols on the tablets look a lot like pictograms.

The Footprint of Antelope Springs

In June of 1968, seeker of fossils, William Mayster-senior, brought his family along on a trip to Antelope Springs. During the trip, Mayster stumbled upon a fossil resembling a footprint and the heel was dug deeper than the rest of the print. Under the footprint, he discovered two fossilized trilobites.

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When he saw them, he immediately thought that a human had stepped on the fossils. After careful analysis, Mayster and his colleagues confirmed that the age of the find is almost 600 million years old.

The mystery remains in the fact that even though the footprint clearly shows that someone stepped on the trilobites, there are no traces of pressure on the trilobites themselves.

Besides that, trilobites are sea creatures and that would mean that whoever left the print had entered the sea. Why? It is still unknown.

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