Arkaim was lucky! In earlier times, a territory with such an incredible archeological monument would have been destroyed without second thought. But at the time when the ancient city was discovered there was already a law protecting the site.
Archeologists were sent to explore part of the Chelyabinsk region because of a planned construction of a retaining reservoir. They weren’t really all that enthusiastic about going because they were about to explore a large steppe area, and no one thought that something interesting could be found or an important discovery could be made in such a place. But there was a certain mystery to the task as well. In 1952, pictures taken from the air showed strange circles of obvious artificial origin.
Thanks to those pictures the legendary city of Arkaim was discovered. It is located 8 km northwest of the village of Amurskiy and 2.3 km southeast of the village of Alexandrovskiy.
The discovery was named after the nearby mountain which is 4 kilometers away. In their first report, archeologists gave the following description of Arkaim:
“In the beginning, some parts of the town were very well-preserved, such as two circular fortresses, two circular residential areas (an outer and inner one), as well as the center of the city. The diameter of the outer wall was around 150 m, and the width of the base was 5 m. The wall was constructed from wooden posts filled with mud and lime. The outer wall of Arkaim was lined with adobe bricks, starting from the bottom of a moat with a depth of 1.5-2.5 m, and the whole height of the wall was no less than 3.5 m. The inner wall had a diameter of 84 meters and a width of 3-4 m. It is thinner than the outer wall, but it is possible that it was higher.”
The Mysterious “Land of Cities”
In the second part of the 20th century, there was an ongoing argument in the scientific circles about the birthplace of Indo-Europeans. There was no doubt among scientists that in ancient times, Europeans, as well as the people of India, Persia, and parts of Asia had a common ancestor – the so called Pre-Indo-Europeans. They were also called Aryans, but after Hitler and his concept of an “Aryan race”, the word was forbidden and avoided for a long time among scientific publications and discussions.
Many explorers went out to find the land of the Aryans through expeditions, the study of ancient legends, and archaeological digs. And finally, Arkaim was discovered, as well as a whole group of fortified villages that were named “The Land of Citites”. It is located on the eastern slopes of the Ural Mountains and consists of 20 complexes, taking up an area which spreads 350-400 km from north to south and 120-150 kilometers from west to east. All of the fortified villages had existed at the same time.
The discovery of Arkaim became a world sensation. The city, which was 3 800-4 000 years old was the same age as the Egyptian pyramids, as well as Stonehenge, with which it shared the same latitude.
Both a City and an Observatory
Arkaim was obviously following plans that were carefully prepared beforehand. The city was precisely built to focus on astronomical sites. The 4 entrances to the city are strictly focused towards the light.
In 1990-91, Arkaim was explored by popular Russian astro-archaeologist, Konstantin Bistrushkin. He studied the ancient city and, according to him, Arkaim was not only an observatory, but a very complex one, too. It resembled the popular Stonehenge monument in England.
He came to the conclusion that Arkaim was an observatory, which used the rise and set of the Sun and the Moon. 18 astronomical events could be observed in the city, 6 connected with the Sun and 12 with the Moon. With the help of astronomical methods, Bistrushkin, came to the conclusion that Arkaim is 1 000 years older than what was believed by archeologists.
A Strong Anomalous Zone
Professor Valery Chudinov, representative of the RAS committee of Ancient and Medieval Russian Culture, explains the following in an interview:
“There are at least 2 places which deserve to carry the name of Arkaim. The first is where all the ruins are. And the second Arkaim is located a little further away, where excavations are not finalized just yet and where no tourists are allowed. And lastly, a third Arkaim, which is believed to be a forbidden area, which locals avoid due to unknown reasons.”
What is this place that frightens locals so much, and why? A forest, not far from Arkaim, has a notoriously bad reputation. Some unseen forces has bent the base of birch trees, made marks upon the bark as if the trees were struck by lightning. Locals do not recommend trips to the forest, and say it’s best to just avoid it completely.
It is said that once upon a time people would go mad in the forest, and there is plenty of speculations that the whole city of Arkaim is one of the strongest anomalous zones in the world.
Some explorers believe that Arkaim and the other villages in the “Land of Cities” were only a “pit stop” for the Aryans in their long journey to their Polar homeland of Hyperborea.
Excavations reveal that there were no battles with enemies, no spontaneous fires, and no hits from meteors in Arkaim. Locals took all that was valuable with them and left the city, setting it on fire. Many compare them with the Mayans, who left their city in a very mysterious way as well. According to one of the versions, Mayans were forced to leave their city because of the continuous drought. It is possible that Aryans left their city for the same reason.