The Arctic, the furthest North, eternal frost, almost no vegetation, fierce winter cold combined with a long Polar night – a period when there is absolutely no sun in the sky for days…
Could it be possible for a civilization to have developed and flourished under such conditions? Even in ancient times? At first look, no, but let’s not be hasty with conclusions…
Living Beyond Boreas
In Greek mythology, Hyperborea is a land in the Northern-most part of the world, settled by the Hyperboreans – a civilization in an eternal state of bliss, showered with the special love of the God Apollo, healer and patron of the arts. He would visit them regularly during the winter from his cloister in Delphi.
Numerous legends tell the tale of prophets and priests of Hyperborea, founders of temples and oracles in honor of Apollo. Among all, one legendary character in particular stands out, Abaris, who had no need for food and flew on a magic arrow, gifted to him by Apollo himself.
When it comes to the name of the impressive civilization of Hyperborea, it is a literal translation from the Greek language, meaning “living beyond Boreas”. In Greek mythology, Boreas is the God of the Northern winds.
It is remarkable that descriptions of the Northern homeland with its Northern lights, polar nights and days can be found in stories other than those of Greek mythology, for example, in the Indian Rigveda, the Zoroastrian Avesta, Chinese, and Tibetan historic chronicles.
The Warm Arctic
Jean Sylvain Bailly, a well-known French astronomer of the 18th century, is among the first who attempted to provide scientific evidence for conception of the origin of civilizations and world cultures in polar region. By studying the available information, he came to the conclusion that the basis of all achievements of ancient civilizations was an even earlier, well-developed, unknown (“lost”) civilization. Bailly also believed that people, who once migrated to Southern ethnicities, were setters of the Northern latitudes first.
At the end of the 20th century, William Warren, rector of Boston University, became a supporter of Bailly’s theory. In the book “The Lost Heaven of the North Pole”, based on an analysis of extensive information, he concluded that ancient tales of Eden, the Heaven on Earth, appear as foggy memories of a once existent fruitful land, located in the furthest North.
Valeriy Nikitich Demin, Russian researcher of the North and a doctor of philosophy, was among modern scientists who are sure of the existence of ancient Hyperborea.
According to him, Hyperborea was located in the lands which are commonly called the Russian North, and even further, in the region of the North Pole. The scientist believes that Hyperborea was the ancient homeland of all of humanity.
„There are reasons to believe,” the scientist wrote in one of his books, “that in the distant past it was substantially warmer behind the Polar circle. Russian oceanographers have determined that 17, 000 to 30,000 years ago, the Arctic climate was mild, and the Arctic Ocean – pretty warm. The conclusions of Canadian and American scientists are similar. According to them, in the time of the so-called Wisconsin Freeze-over, around 7 000 years ago, a zone of a mild climate was located in the center of the Arctic Ocean.”
According to Demin, the period of existence of the well-developed civilization of Hyperborea was 15,000 to 20,000 thousand years, and they even possessed flying machines. This is the reason why holy books of many civilizations describe contact with “sky visitors”. Aborigines saw the flying Hyperboreans as Gods or demigods.
Going by known facts, it is entirely logical to search for Hyperborea in the Eurasian and American North, on islands and archipelagos in the Arctic Ocean, in the oceanic shelf, at the bottom of some seas and rivers. Most of these places are located in Russia.
Gerardus Mercator, Flemish cartographer, who lived during the 16th century, illustrated a large continent on one of his maps, an archipelago of several islands separated by rivers in the region of the North Pole. He probably copied this continent from some ancient map, which he mentioned in one of his letters from 1580.
In Russia, in the time of Lomonosov and Empress Catherine the Great, two secret expeditions were organized with a mission to travel to the North Pole and find Hyperborea. Both expeditions were unsuccessful due to the impassible ice.
In more recent years, more than one expedition has been organized for the search of Hyperborea and Valeriy Demin was part of nine of them. Especially successful was the one in 2001 in the region of Lake Seydozero. A tunnel filled with silt was discovered at the bottom of the lake, and wide gaps in the mountains along the coastline. According to geologists, such structures can’t naturally occur.
The “paved road”, discovered earlier, actually turned out to be a stone construction which goes more than a meter deep into the ground. It is not out of the question this construction could be the remains of an ancient fortification. Also discovered were several pyramids and some of them had their tops cut off.
Remains of foundations, stone blocks with accurate forms, and tipped-over pillars were also found. According to samples taken from the buildings, it was determined that they were constructed about 12 000 years ago. All of these artifacts, along with descriptions in tales and ancient texts, confirm the hypothesis that in the furthest North an ancient civilization really did existed about 12,000-14,000 years ago.