There are many legends about the mines in Chukotka, where the first Soviet atomic bombs were tested.
The life expectancy of the prisoners working in the mines was no more than half a year. Back then, only a few people knew about the impacts of radiation and the cause of death was considered “mysterious”. But besides that, some of the convicted decided to go there, choosing between common concentration camps with grim conditions and the mines, where, at least, they would be fed and warm in the last days of their lives. The camp functioned for only two years, between 1951 and 1953. Most of the equipment was left in the mines.
But the most interesting, and at the same time frightening aspect, is the fact that, spread all over the mines, were found cut-open human skulls. According to some speculations, a secret lab existed here and scientists conducted human experimentations.
Some of the buildings near the mine.
You can see that the constructions were build with stones, not bricks.
Entrance to the mine.
Buildings on top of the hill.
The East camp, where they held the women. Men were at the North camp. Women prisoners used to cook, wash and sew clothes for the other prisoners in the nearby camp.
Nobody knows the purpose of some buildings.
A photo of a cut-open skull, found in the Chukotka mines.
Did Soviet scientists perform autopsies on the deceased or was this some kind of cruel experimentation? There are no available documents to support either theory and the mystery will remain for a while.