Russian scientists will be leading excavations of a mysterious platform in Ecuador, which could have been the basis of an ancient pyramid of the Valdivian culture. Researchers plan to leave for the expedition in the fall.
Scientists have already made a radar study of the future excavations, and it showed that there is a structure of an unknown origin in the ground. Archeologists point out that if they are successful in finding the platform, this would mean that the Valdivian civilization is 1 000 years older than what was believed before. The age of the layer that is meant to be excavated is about 5 500 years.
It is a known fact among scientists that the ancient civilization of Valdivia used to build enormous platforms with a height of 1 meter and a size of 20 by 15 meters. On top of those platforms they would build residential or ritual buildings. Archeologists believe that they have stumbled across such a platform.
The Mysterious Culture
The culture of Valdivia was discovered back in 1956, but its origin remains a mystery even to this day. Archeologists have lead excavation expeditions in Ecuador for 3 years already. During those expeditions, numerous ceramic tools and animal bones and shells were discovered.
Researchers will conduct a genetic expertise on the remains in order to determine the possible relation between representatives of the Valdivian culture and other civilizations. The remains have already been shipped off for analysis to the Tohoku University in Japan.
Valdivian people lived in the period of 3 500 BC, and 1 800 BC, in one of the driest regions of the Pacific coastline of Ecuador – the Manabí Province. Their villages were located by the rivers as well as in the inner regions.
Agriculture, hunting, and fishing were the main source of food for the ancient Valdivians. Their clothes were fashioned from cotton. Scientists also believe that the representatives of this culture consumed cocaine, mate and yucca. Also known is that citizens of the Valdivian culture did domesticate dogs.
Locals did not possess copper. They used seashells and stone tools. This culture is most popular with its ceramics. The earliest Valdivian ceramics has been dated back to more than 5 000 years.