Scientists have created a three-dimensional model of the Cursed mummy, which is rumored to have brought death to anyone who has dared come near it.
The 5300 year-old mummy was discovered in a glacier in northern Italy in 1991. A Viennese reporter named the oldest mummy of a man found in Europe Ötzi, since the body was found in ice near the Ötztal valley. Now US researchers have presented a three-dimensional model of Ötzi, as reported by the Daily Mail.
American researchers have announced they have made a total of three 3-dimensional models of Ötzi – one will be presented at an exhibition, while the other two will be used for research. Scientists note that three or four of the mummy’s ribs were broken after death, but the three-dimensional model shows them whole.
The researchers add that the three-dimensional model of Ötzi „will showcase the Chalcolithic era that has remained a mystery for historians.“ The Chalcolithic era is the transitional period from the Neolithic (Stone Age) to the Bronze Age.
Today, researchers know that Ötzi’s descendants were mostly found among the modern inhabitants of Sardinia, while maternally, the Iceman belongs to the natives of the Alps.
Researchers also explain that at the time of his death he was 45 years old (in those days he would have been considered a person of advanced age) and weighed about 50 kg. The body of Ötzi has revealed about 60 tattoos consisting of points, lines and crosses. Some experts say the tattoos were done by Ötzi during the process of initiation (a ritual commemorating the transition of the individual to a new level of development within the social group or mystical society).
Scientists have conducted a number of studies and found that Ötzi’s joints had eroded, his nose – broken, his teeth – heavily worn out (but showed no cavities).
The story of Ötzi’s discovery is rather interesting and peculiar – he was found by two German tourists, Helmut and Erika Simon, on their way to climb one of the Alpine peaks. When they spotted the body, the spouses decided they had come across a climber who had frozen to death (similar findings are common in the Alps).
The famous mountaineer Reinhold Messner, who arrived at the site along with his partner Hans Kamerlander two days after the discovery of Ötzi, surmised that the Iceman had died about 500 years ago.
Austrian authorities moved the body to Innsbruck and only there clarified that Ötzi had been buried in the mountains more than 4,000 years. His body frozen in ice up to its waist, was removed with ordinary ice axes that damaged one of the thighs.
Onlookers managed to take photos using the mummy as a backdrop, touching him with bare hands (soon leading to the appearance of mold) and even stealing parts of Ötzi’s garment as souvenirs before he was even removed from the glacier.
For years, there had been talk of the “cursed mummy” – this legend came about after a series of deaths of researchers involved in its study.
Prof. Gunter Henn was the first to face imminent death – two years after personally placing the remains of Ötzi in a plastic bag during his transportation. A car accident took his life as he was rushing to get to a conference dedicated to the Iceman.
Sometime after that, an avalanche buried the experienced guide Kurt Fritz, who led Henn to the Iceman’s place of death. Fritz was the only one from the group of climbers to die.
Subsequently Rainer Holtz – the only journalist allowed to photograph the process of releasing Ötzi from ice captivity- died of a cerebral hemorrhage.
In 2004 Helmut Simon, the man who discovered the mummy, died after freezing over during a snowstorm near the place where he had first come across Ötzi 13 years earlier. His body was found by rescuers after eight days. An hour after Simon’s funeral, Varneke Dieter, head of the expedition group who had found him, died of a heart attack.
In April 2005 Konrad Spindler died from multiple sclerosis – exactly a year after becoming a member of the group, engaged in the study of Ötzi. He had declared out loud that he does not believe in the curse of the mummy.
„Nonsense, fabrications of the press. Now you are going to say that I am next on the list.“ Spindler indeed was the first to claim that Ötzi was a shaman due to the nature of the tattoos found on his body.
In November the same year Tom Loy, died from a disease of the blood. He had discovered blood from four other people on objects that belonged to Ötzi, and came up with the theory that the Iceman was killed after a fierce battle in which he was injured by his comrades. Previously, it was believed that Ötzi died due to bad weather conditions in the mountains.