The Cross, the Ankh and the Swastika – symbols of the Sun

ankh, анкх

According to the testimonies of Garcilaso de la Vega, when the Spaniards appeared in Cuzco, they saw a red and white jasper cross held by the Inca king.

The equilateral cross is called Greek or Roman cross. The same sign (called quadrata) has been used since prehistoric times in a variety of denotations – as a symbol of the sun, the rain and the elements which constitute the world: air, earth, fire, water together with the constituent symbol of life.

In early Christianity the Greek cross symbolized Christ, later it was worshiped as a symbol of compassion and patience.

Cross, кръстIn addition to the Greek cross, there are many other variations pf the cross.

The Tau Cross

Tau Cross , тау кръстThe Tau is a cross which resembles the letter „T“ and is a symbol of life. To the Kabbalists it represents the comprehensive wisdom of the sky and the construction of the world, while to the Pythagoreans – tetraktis which in its essence means the same thing. This cross was used in the mysteries of Mithras (god of the Sun of ancient Zoroastrians).

The Ankh

Ankh, анкхAnkh or Anh (Crux Ansata) is the same tau cross (a symbol of life), but with round or oval top (symbol of eternity). It is believed to symbolize immortality. It is also called Crux Ansata or the Cross of life.

According to ancient Christian legends the key to the door of heaven which was given to St. Peter had the same form. In Ancient Egypt the Ankh was the key that opened the door to divine knowledge.

In the later periods the Ankh is associated with the image of the god Seth. To Scandinavians this cross is a symbol of heaven and immortality and to the Maya – the release of physical suffering.

The Swastika

Swastika, свастикаThe swastika is a cross with bent legs directed either clockwise („right“ swastika indicating the rotation of the Earth around the Sun) or counterclockwise ( ‘wrong’ swastika).

The „right“ swastika is seen as a symbol of the Sun and the source of life, light, success, happiness and creativity. It represent the wheel of life and identifies the division of the year into four parts – the four seasons. Sometimes the swastika can be identified with another symbol – a cross in a circle where the cross stands for the daily movement of the Sun.